Everyone is familiar with the thing we are going to talk about today, and that is nail cutting.
Every few weeks we have to pull out the nail clippers and trim these crazy nails, but do you know?
So in those days without nail clippers,
The evolutionary history of nail cutting is quite interesting. Let’s start from prehistoric times. At that time, it was not nail cutting, but
Biologists analyzed that we were still in the stage of ape-human beings. At that time, many human habits and beasts were connected, so they would also look for trees or stones as tools for sharpening their nails.
Does it sound familiar? Those who have cats and dogs at home should be familiar with this way of grinding their claws.
So if you simulate the scene of manicure in prehistoric people, it will be like this:
Later in the Stone Age, humans began to use stone tools to sharpen their nails. In the beginning, the stone tools were relatively rough, mostly sandstone and other stones, but at least they could grind at home, without having to look for trees and mountains.
Later, humans learned to polish and decorate stone tools, and various tools were clearly classified, including armor sharpeners. The sharpening knife in the picture was unearthed in Europe around the 6th and 8th centuries BC. It has a bone handle which is very delicate.
After entering the Bronze Age, nail grinding tools have also been upgraded. According to historical records, there has been a phenomenon of using bronze knives instead of stone tools to polish nails. Of course, this is just an additional sideline of bronze knives.
They used small particles protruding from the bronze knives. The principle is similar to that of current nail files.
In addition to these, some scholars have also put forward other viewpoints, which are also based on the way of grinding nails:
For example, at that time, it was all manual work, so the nails were always worn out while working, and there was no need to trim the nails as frequently as now.
Almost 2,000 years ago, scissors and knives banned stone tools, and the way of manicure
In our country, scissors have been found in the tombs of the Western Han Dynasty as funerary objects.
Scissors were originally used for work, and manicure was just a small sideline. After all, the size is so large that it is easy to separate the skin and the flesh if you miss it.
But people find that scissors are really convenient to cut nails, so
Therefore, for a long time, the habit of cutting nails with scissors has been preserved, and literary works also have records of this matter. For example, "A Dream of Red Mansions" wrote:
In fact, many older generations still use scissors as repair tools.
In 20 BC, a volume in Western classics mentions the scene of trimming nails with a knife in a barbershop:
Using a knife to cut nails once became the mainstream method in the West. Looking at the original English text, before modern nail clippers were invented, the "cutting" of apple peeling was often used to refer to the action of cutting nails.
Knives were also used in ancient my country, but they were mostly used on the feet. There are three very famous Yangzhou knives, one of which is a pedicure knife. There are five kinds of knives. The full set of knives is divided into two sets, large and small. The knives are of different types and uses. They are very professional. This set of knives has been used today.
The era of nail clippers is coming
Modern nail clippers became popular in the second half of the 19th century. Interestingly,
The United States Patent and Trademark Office believes that the earliest nail clippers patent appeared in 1875. However, the appearance of this nail clipper is far from the current one, so some scholars do not recognize it as the first patent.
Later, in 1877, another strange nail clipper patent was registered. It was quite unfamiliar. The method of use was not the pressing method. It is said that the principle of cutting nails is the same as peeling apples. That's right, it is also the favorite apple peeler in the West, so some European and American netizens believe that this nail clipper was the first to register.
It was not until 1881 that this nail clipper, which is familiar to the general public, appeared. It is closer to the structure of modern nail clippers. Therefore, many people think that 1881 is the earliest registration time of nail clippers.
Since the advent of nail clippers, there are still many shortcomings. For example, it is very difficult to cut the nails embedded in the flesh when the nails are embedded in the flesh... In short, this is one thing. This is a test of patience.
Therefore, people are still constantly improving the design of nail clippers. In this process, there is no shortage of various ideas.
Of course, no matter how the nail cutting tools evolve, there are people who have never been affected.
(The picture material in the text comes from the Internet and is only for learning and communication)
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